I've been interested in the issue of criminal prosecution of border-crossers since Grassroots Leadership, the organization I work for, issued a report on the subject called Ground Zero: The Laredo Superjail and the No Action Alternative (PDF).
Then, we found that the spike in criminal prosecutions of first-time border-crossers was rapidly increasing the need for U.S. Marshals bed space in South Texas, and particularly the Laredo district. Now, Laredo has gone to a "zero tolerance" policy where every border-crosser will be criminally prosecuted, instead of processed in immigration court and quickly deported. The policy is modeled after a policy in the Del Rio sector. The policy may expand to the Rio Grande Valley next.
Who are the major beneficiaries of this policy? As Scott Henson at Grits for Breakfast points out, the impacts of tighter border security, while possibly decreasing the number of crossings, can be deceiving. Without meaningful immigration reform, such policies appear to cause two phenomena:
- undocumented immigrants already working here are not going back for holidays, instead choosing to stay in the US for longer periods of time
- drug and human smuggling cartels are gaining strength along the border.
A third impact, as described by Forrest Wilder over at the Texas Observer blog is a drastic increase in the need for prison bed space. From Wilder's post,